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Statement on the agenda items 59-63: “Decolonization”


Statement by H.E Mr. Mohammad Reza Sahraei

Counsellor at Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran

to the United Nations

Before the Special Political and Decolonization Committee (4th Committee)

on the agenda items 59-63: “Decolonization”

 73rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly

(New York, 15 October 2018)

بسم الله

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful


Mr. Chairman,

My delegation welcomes your election as Chair of the special political and decolonization Committee (4th Committee) and wish you and other members of the bureau full success in your endeavors. I assure you of my delegation’s full support during your chairmanship over the Committee.


Mr. Chairman,

The Charter of the United Nations provides that people of colonial countries are entitled to choose freely their political system and decide about their own future. Believed in this unambiguous provision, the Islamic Republic of Iran continues to stress that the issue of decolonization should remain one of the important priorities of the United Nations. In this connection, we attach high importance to the work of the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization (C-24) in providing colonial countries and peoples with such assistance that can enable them to exercise their right to self-determination. However, despite all efforts made in this regard, regrettably, we are still witnessing the continuation of colonization which causes the current populations of non-self-governing territories suffer from the scourge of colonialism.

          My delegation believes that it is the high time for the international community to actively engage in the process of decolonization in order to uproot the colonialism in any form or manifestation, including political, social, cultural and economic exploitation. It is necessary that the United Nations and relevant international organizations fulfill their responsibilities, by taking effective measures to speed up the process of decolonization in accordance with the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, subsequent relevant General Assembly resolutions, and the provisions of the UN Charter.

The administering Powers have the solemn obligation under the Charter to protect the human and natural resources of the Non-Self-Territories against any possible abuse, and avoid any activities that may adversely affect environment, health and economic development of the peoples of the Territories. Furthermore, the Administering Powers should pay full compensation for any economic, social and cultural consequences of their occupation.

 Military installations and activities of some administrating Powers that harm the rights and interest of the peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories are a major source of concern. We emphasize that interest of those peoples should be duly considered and their views must be fully respected by Administering Powers in conducting any military activities and establishing military installations.


Mr. Chairman,

As an important tool in decolonization process, visiting missions by the Special Committee (C-24) to the Non-Self-Governing Territories can enhance the capacity of the United Nations to assist the peoples under colonialism to achieve the objectives set forth in the Declaration. These missions provide an effective means of assessing the situation in those Territories and of ascertaining the wishes and aspirations of the peoples thereof regarding their future status.Therefore, we call upon the administering Powers to fully cooperate with the C-24 including by facilitating visiting missions of the C-24 to the Territories under their administration.


My delegation also Stresses the importance of the timely transmission to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, by the administering Powers, of adequate information about the political, economic, social and educational advancement of the territories under their administration, in accordance with Article 73 e of the UN Charter.

Mr. Chairman

I would like to take the opportunity in order to response to the unfounded claims against territorial integrity of my country, by representatives of United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain over the Iranian islands of Abu Musa, Lesser Tunb and Greater Tunb. the Islamic Republic of Iran reiterates its consistent and principled position that it does not recognize the existence of any such dispute between Iran and UAE. The three islands have been an inseparable part of Iranian territory and, therefore, any claim to the contrary is categorically rejected. Nonetheless, and to show its utmost respect for the principle of good neighborliness, Iran has always expressed its readiness to talk with the UAE bilaterally with a view to removing any misunderstanding that may exist on the part of the UAE over Abu Musa Island.

The Islamic Republic of Iran have always endeavored towards removal of tension in our region and developing friendly and good-neighborly relationship with our neighbors, including those in the Persian Gulf. We have always reiterated our interest in and called for dialogue with a view to dispelling misunderstandings and restoring friendly relations that our peoples mostly enjoyed throughout history.



Thank you


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