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News > Statement by Mr. Hossein Maleki on the agenda item 55: “Comprehensive review of the whole question of Peacekeeping operations in all their aspects”


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Statement by Mr. Hossein Maleki on the agenda item 55: “Comprehensive review of the whole question of Peacekeeping operations in all their aspects”

Statement by Mr. Hossein Maleki, First Counselor

Permanent Mission of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations

before the Special Political and decolonization Committee  (4th Committee)

on the agenda item 55: Comprehensive review of the whole question of Peacekeeping operations in all their aspects

72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly

New York- 25 October 2017

 

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

 

 Mr. Chairman,

 

I would like to begin by thanking Mr. Atul Khare, Under-Secretary-General for Field Support (DFS), for the excellent efforts he has made in the area of the United Nations peacekeeping as well as for his efficient leadership over DFS.  I, also, appreciate Mr. Khare for this excellent presetation on his Department’s activities, progress and developments.

I would also like to take this opportunity to congratulate Mr. Jean-Pierre Lacroix, and Mr. Alexandre Zuev on their appointment as Under-Secretary-General for peacekeeping, and Assistant Secretary General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions respectively. I wish them success in discharging their responsibilities.

      I associate myself with the statement made by the distinguished Deputy Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Morocco on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.

My delegation pays tribute to men and women who served under the flag of the United Nations, especially those Peacekeepers, who lost their lives in the cause of peace and in defending the honor of the United Nations.

Mr. Chairman,

The Islamic Republic of Iran supports any initiative aims to make the UN peacekeeping operations more effective, agile and responsive to current realities. In this regard, we support Secretary-General’s proposal to reform the United Nations peace and Security pillar of the Secretariat in order to make it more efficient and effective. However, we believe that his proposal, specially establishing a new department titled “Department of Peace Operations (DPO) which is an indicative of a big shift (i.e. from “peacekeeping operations” to “peace operations”) needs to go through relevant intergovernmental process in order to be examined carefully and comprehensively. 

 

Mr. Chairman, 

 

The Islamic Republic of Iran emphasizes the importance of the United Nations peacekeeping operations as a powerful tool to aim to maintain international peace and security. Iran believes that in establishing any mechanism by United Nations in order to address challenges and meet the needs as a result of the complex environment and complicated nature of peacekeeping, deploying peacekeeping operations or extending mandates of an existing peacekeeping mission, ultimate care should be taken to observe the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and those basic principles of peacekeeping operations which have been reflected in the annual report of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C34). In this context, Iran emphasizes that peacekeeping guiding principles- specially consent of the parties, the non-use of force except in self-defense, impartiality, the respect for the principles of sovereign equality, political independence, territorial integrity of all States and non-intervention in matters that are essentially within their domestic jurisdiction- should be strictly observed.

My delegation also emphasizes upholding the highest standards of conduct and discipline for United Nations personnel, including the UN peacekeepers. Combating misconduct, especially sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA), should remain as a top priority on the agenda of the United Nations. In this regard we fully support the Secretary-General’s zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse. We urge the Secretary General to take decisive and necessary actions to uproot this heinous and inhumane act.

 

Mr. Chairman,

Protection of Civilians (PoC) that is the primary responsibility of host countries, where mandated in a peacekeeping mission, should aim to support the national efforts in host countries to protect their civilians. Therefore, any military intervention by the United Nations or by any foreign forces under the pretext of protection of civilians should be avoided.

on the issue of use of modern technologies and intelligence in peacekeeping missions we believe that using such technology as well as intelligence should aim at increasing safety and security of United Nations personnel, including the peacekeepers. However, we emphasize that the legal aspects of using modern technologies and intelligence should be defined in appropriate intergovernmental processes.

Regarding the role of regional organizations in peacekeeping to aim at maintaining the international peace and security, Iran is of the belief that nothing should replace the role of the United Nations in this regard. Therefore, the role of regional organizations should be defined in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations. Regional organizations should not in any way substitute the role of the United Nations or disengage it of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.

 

Mr.  Chairman,

The Islamic Republic of Iran emphasizes that all member states have the right to engage in the policy and decision-making process in all aspects, dimensions and stages of peacekeeping operations. In this regard, we emphasize the unique, indispensable and irreplaceable role of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations (C-34) as the only United Nations forum mandated by the General Assembly to review comprehensively the whole question of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations in all their aspects. We also believe that the principle of equitable geographical distribution should be fully taken into account in staffing the headquarters and agencies in the fields at all levels.

 

In conclusion, Mr. Chairman, we continue to attach great importance to the United Nations peacekeeping operations as a flagship activity for the United Nations. My Government stands ready to increase its contribution to the United Nations peacekeeping operations logistically and militarily, by deploying troop, military observer, police and civilians.

I thank you, Mr. Chairman


17:51 - 25/10/2017    /    Number : 484118    /    Show Count : 417



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